Deskripsi: Kursus Sains Eliminasi Malaria ditujukan untuk memberikan perspektif yang berbeda bagi para pejuang lokal dan ilmuwan dalam gerakan memberantas malaria di Indonesia. Pelatihan ini dirancang dengan memaksimalkan interaksi antara peserta dan fasilitator dengan menggabungkan format perkuliahan, diskusi, studi kasus, latihan pemecahan masalah sekaligus memberikan kesempatan untuk mengeksplorasi kemajuan sains dan teknologi dalam lebih memahami malaria, sekaligus melihat konteks sejarah, sosial, politik, dan ekonomi. Peserta dapat berasal dari mereka yang mengelola program malaria di semua tingkatan, mereka yang berada di dunia pendidikan dan penelitian, pihak swasta, ataupun organisasi kemasyarakatan.

Materi: Selama 5 hari, peserta akan mendapatkan materi sebagai berikut:

Hari I

  • Agenda Global Eliminasi Malaria.
  • Manajemen Eliminasi Malaria.
  • Pembelajaran dari kampanye Global Malaria Eradication dan negara-negara yang sudah/sedang eliminasi.
  • Pembelajaran dari kampanye eradikasi penyakit lainnya.
  • Memetakan peranan dalam eliminasi malaria.

Hari II

  • Biologi parasit Plasmodium.
  • Biologi nyamuk Anopheles.
  • Memahami peranan manusia dalam eliminasi malaria.
  • Memahami peranan lingkungan dalam eliminasi malaria.

Hari III

  • Mencari sumber infeksi (Tracking infections).
  • Menemukan parasit infeksi (Testing infections).
  • Mengobati penderita malaria (Treating infections).
  • Memusnahkan nyamuk vektor malaria (Terminating vectors).

Hari IV

  • Vaksin malaria: pencapaian dan harapan.
  • Memperkuat sistem kesehatan.
  • Pengukuran kuantitatif pada host manusia.
  • Pengukuran kuantitatif pada host nyamuk.

Hari V

  • Model matematika untuk eliminasi.
  • Inovasi pembiayaan.
  • Inovasi komunikasi dan advokasi inovatif.

 

Bahan bacaan :

Hari I 

Moonen B, et al. 2010. A framework for assessing the feasibility of malaria elimination. Malar J. 9:322.

Smith DL, et al. 2013. A sticky situation: the unexpected stability of malaria elimination. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 368:20120145.

Hopkins DR. 2013. Disease eradication. N Engl J Med. 368:54-63.

Herdiana H, et al. 2013. Progress towards malaria elimination in Sabang Municipality, Aceh, Indonesia. Malar J. 12:42.

Breman JG, et al. 2011. The role of research in viral disease eradication and elimination programs: lessons for malaria eradication. PLoS Med. 8:e1000405.

Cohen JM, et al. 2010. How absolute is zero? An evaluation of historical and current definitions of malaria elimination. Malar J. 9:213.

Najera JA, et al. 2011. Some lessons for the future from the Global Malaria Eradication Programme (1955-1969). PLoS Med. 8:e1000412.

Alonso PL, et al. 2011. A research agenda to underpin malaria eradication. PLoS Med. 8:e1000406.

Hari II

White NJ. 2008. The role of anti-malarial drugs in eliminating malaria. Malar J. 7 Suppl 1:S8.

Howes RE, et al. 2016. Global Epidemiology of Plasmodium vivax. Am J Trop Med Hyg.

Mueller I, et al. 2012. Force of infection is key to understanding the epidemiology of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Papua New Guinean children. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 109:10030-10035.

Cohuet A, et al. 2010. Evolutionary forces on Anopheles: what makes a malaria vector? Trends Parasitol. 26:130-136.

Ferguson HM, et al. 2010. Ecology: a prerequisite for malaria elimination and eradication. PLoS Med. 7:8.

Hari III

Bousema T, et al. 2010. Identification of hot spots of malaria transmission for targeted malaria control. J Infect Dis. 201:1764-1774.

Hsiang MS, et al. 2012. Surveillance for malaria elimination in Swaziland: a national cross-sectional study using pooled PCR and serology. PLoS ONE. 7:e29550.

Sturrock HJ, et al. 2013. Targeting asymptomatic malaria infections: active surveillance in control and elimination. PLoS Med. 10:e1001467.

Castro MC, et al. 2009. Community-based environmental management for malaria control: evidence from a small-scale intervention in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Malar J. 8:57.

Keiser J, et al. 2005. Reducing the burden of malaria in different eco-epidemiological settings with environmental management: a systematic review. Lancet Infect Dis. 5:695-708.

Yukich JO, et al. 2008. Costs and consequences of large-scale vector control for malaria. Malar J. 7:258.

Harris AF, et al. 2011. Field performance of engineered male mosquitoes. Nat Biotechnol. 29:1034-1037.

Worrall E, Fillinger U. 2011. Large-scale use of mosquito larval source management for malaria control in Africa: a cost analysis. Malar J. 10:338.

Achee NL, et al. 2012. Spatial repellents: from discovery and development to evidence-based validation. Malar J. 11:164.

Neafsey DE, et al. 2015. Mosquito genomics. Highly evolvable malaria vectors: the genomes of 16 Anopheles mosquitoes. Science. 347:1258522.

Hari IV

Crompton PD, et al. 2010. Advances and challenges in malaria vaccine development. J Clin Invest. 120:4168-4178.

Tusting LS, et al. 2014. Measuring changes in Plasmodium falciparum transmission: precision, accuracy and costs of metrics. Adv Parasitol. 84:151-208.

Cook J, et al. 2010. Using serological measures to monitor changes in malaria transmission in Vanuatu. Malar J. 9:169.

Hari V

Bates N, Herrington J. 2007. Advocacy for malaria prevention, control, and research in the twenty-first century. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 77:314-320.

Pigott DM, et al. 2012. Funding for malaria control 2006-2010: a comprehensive global assessment. Malar J. 11:246.

World Health Organization. 2012. The strategic framework for malaria communication at the country level.

Global Health Sciences. 2013. Financing for malaria elimination.

 

Malaria Research Agenda

The malERA Consultative Group. 2011. A research agenda for malaria eradication: diagnoses and diagnostics. PLoS Med. 8:e1000396.

The malERA Consultative Group. 2011. A research agenda for malaria eradication: drugs. PLoS Med. 8:e1000402.

The malERA Consultative Group. 2011. A research agenda for malaria eradication: vector control. PLoS Med. 8:e1000401.

The malERA Consultative Group. 2011. A research agenda for malaria eradication: vaccines. PLoS Med. 8:e1000398.

The malERA Consultative Group. 2011. A research agenda for malaria eradication: basic science and enabling technologies. PLoS Med. 8:e1000399.

The malERA Consultative Group. 2011. A research agenda for malaria eradication: health systems and operational research. PLoS Med. 8:e1000397.

The malERA Consultative Group. 2011. A research agenda for malaria eradication: modeling. PLoS Med. 8:e1000403.

The malERA Consultative Group. 2011. A research agenda for malaria eradication: cross-cutting issues for eradication. PLoS Med. 8:e1000404.

The malERA Consultative Group. 2011. A research agenda for malaria eradication: monitoring, evaluation, and surveillance. PLoS Med. 8:e1000400.

 

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